Academic mobility – the transfer of students and teachers of higher educational institutions for a certain period of time to another educational or scientific institution within or outside their own country for the purpose of teaching or teaching.
The main barriers to academic mobility are cultural, socio-economic and academic barriers. The Bologna process is an attempt to reduce these obstacles within the European Higher Education Area (EHEA).
Students participating in academic mobility programs are usually divided into two groups : the so-called frimuvers — students who go to other educational institutions on their own initiative on self-financing conditions, and program students who are participants in student exchange programs on the basis of faculty, faculty, educational institution or organizations at the national level (for example, such as Erasmus , Nordplus or the Fulbright program ). At present, the Erasmus exchange program, which has already become traditional for European students and teachers (which implies such movements), was supplemented with an element of virtual mobility, or Virtual Erasmus, thanks to which students from different countries can study together without leaving their homes.
According to data released by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), student mobility from different countries has increased significantly over the past four decades, from 250,000 students in 1965 to about 3.7 million in 2011 . These statistics characterize academic statistics of students from different countries who aspire to get abroad not just a short-term experience of studying abroad, but also an entire education . According to UNESCO research , more than 2.7 million students study outside the countries of which they are citizens .Students from Asian countries make up the largest portion of all students enrolled in educational institutions abroad. This proportion reaches 45% of the total number of foreign students in OECD countries and 52% of the total in non-OECD countries .
In accordance with the State Program for the Development of Education of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2011-2020. development of academic mobility, as one of the principles of the Bologna Declaration, is determined by one of the target indicators.
Academic mobility of students is one of the priority activities of the university, contributing to improving the quality of education, improving the efficiency of research, establishing external and internal integration relations, and fulfilling the mission of the university.
Academic mobility of students is carried out in the framework of inter-university cooperation agreements, exchange, scholarship programs, international programs, memorandums in order to:
– training in student exchange programs;
– internships (including language);
– passing research practice;
– participation in summer semesters.
University students have the right to an educational, scientific business trip and internship in foreign higher educational institutions.
The goals, objectives and general rules for ensuring and realizing academic mobility of students follow the basic principles of the Bologna Declaration.
Academic mobility of students of NIMSI is carried out in the framework of interuniversity agreements / agreements or joint projects: a tripartite agreement / agreement of students, sending and receiving universities for internal academic mobility, and invitations for international academic mobility.
Coordination and monitoring of international academic mobility programs at NIMSI is carried out by the monitoring committee together with the international communications department on the basis of inter-university agreements, a tripartite training agreement and invitations of a foreign educational institution. At the same time, the partner institution of higher education and its educational programs must be accredited in their own country and entered into the Register of accredited educational organizations and accredited educational programs.